Hiphop is a culture. In that culture are three elements:
To understand how HipHop became what it is today, let’s go back to where it started. This is, by no means, a comprehensive piece but will serve as a good guide to those who want a crash course.
DJ Kool Herc (real name Clive Campbell) is largely recognized as the father of HipHop. He was born and raised in Jamaica. By the 70s, he made a living as a DJ in New York. However, HipHop’s foundation was laid five decades prior.
Mid 20s - A street dancer named Earl Tucker (aka Snake Hips) developed dance moves that is now used as the basic foundation of HipHop dance, floats and slides. It was picked up by many other dancers and continuously evolved.
By the 50s, Soundclash launched a contest among DJs and the two finalists were Coxsone Dodd’s “Downbeat” and Duke Reid’s “Trojan”. This is when the concept of ‘battles’ began.
Note: During this time, African Americans were still considered nothing more than slaves. They had no rights and no protection.